In England, the period between the Gothic and Renaissance styles is known as the Elizabethan age. It reached its peak in the late 1500s, toward the end of the long reign of Queen Elizabeth I, and is often considered the last phase of the long-lasting
Tudor style. Although the Elizabethan age produced a certain amount of characteristic sculptures and paintings, the Elizabethan style can best be seen in the period's literature. Many great writers and poets were alive at this time,
including Edmund Spenser, Sir Walter Raleigh, and William Shakespeare. The Gothic period preceding the Elizabethan age was based on religion, but the authors of the Elizabethan age wrote extensively about personal conflicts and personal
relationships, and so a new style of writing emerged during this period. Some scholars argue that this new style of writing was the impetus for the rebirth of scholarly interests, which ultimately led to the Renaissance, which had
its roots in the classics of art, religion, science and inventions, philosophy, and humanism.